Menstrual disorders are issues that can affect a woman’s normal menstrual cycle. Some common problems that menstrual disorder includes are abnormally heavy bleeding, painful cramps at the time of bleeding, scanty bleeding, irregular bleeding, or even absence of bleeding.
What Is Menstruation?
Menstruation occurs from the time of puberty and stays till your menopause. People also call it “period,” which basically denotes the monthly discharge of blood that comes through the cervix from the uterus and out of the vagina.
Most women experience a regular menstrual cycle that follows up to 28 days. However, the Gynaecologist Obstetrician Doctor in Ludhiana also considers 21 to 35 days typical. On average, a woman generally bleeds from 2 to 7 days in each cycle.
You will notice an irregular menstrual cycle, mainly at the time beginning of menses years and at menopause, because of severe hormone changes. There are also some women who experience issues with their period in between these 2 phases.
What Is Menstrual Disorder?
If you are not aware, let me tell you that there are a lot of variations in the patterns of the menstrual cycle. If the period comes less than 21 days or does not occur after three months apart, then a woman must be concerned and immediately visit a professional for a menstrual disorder treatment in Ludhiana. There are various reasons for such issues, including your lifestyle, hormone imbalance, hereditary issues, pelvic disease, and clotting disorder.
Painful Periods (Dysmenorrhea)
Having pain during your periods is a pretty standard criterion. Not everyone, but most people with uterus suffer from this.
However, you must also know that severe pain or frequent cramping is the first indication of dysmenorrhea. It is basically a menstrual issue that creates some pain in the lower abdomen that can further be classified into primary and secondary sections.
- Primary Dysmenorrhea
Menstruation, where the womb contracts in order to push out the blood, is the leading cause of primary dysmenorrhea. In such conditions, you can experience cramps that are quite severe in nature, along with profuse bleeding.
- Secondary Dysmenorrhea
On the other hand, the pain that comes with other physical and medical conditions is the cause of secondary dysmenorrhea. Some of those issues include uterine fibroids and endometriosis.
Heavy Periods (Menorrhagia)
When your menstrual flow is heavier and longer than usual, then it is known as a heavy period. The medical term for such conditions is menorrhagia.
In case a woman has to change her pads after every 1 to 2 hours, then we highly recommend them to consult a doctor. They should also seek professional help if their period lasts more than 7 days. These days the woman loses around 80ml of blood compared to 30ml during a regular menstrual cycle.
In such circumstances, the bleeding occurs during periods or between periods. In many cases, menorrhagia accompanies dysmenorrhea because of a large number of clots and blood flow. This can cause painful cramping or happen without triggering any pain.
Some of the common causes of heavy period or menorrhagia are:
- Hormonal imbalances
- Ovulation problems
- Uterine fibroids
- Endometriosis and Adenomyosis