What are lactation and its function? Learn all about it and more!

Gynae Clinic Gynecologist Male Infertility

What are lactation and its function? Learn all about it and more!


It is a process of making human milk. You can Secrete human milk through your memory glands which are located in your breast. Lactation happens due to hormones, which are natural in those people who are pregnant. In some situations, we also noticed that lactation occurs in those who were not pregnant. Lactation will continue to happen as long as you remove the Milk from your breast.

Visit a Gynae Clinic in Ludhiana if you are finding any difficulty in lactating.

Where does human milk come from?

Human milk comes from the mammary glands inside your breast. There are several parts in this gland that work together to produce and remove milk.

● Alveoli

They are grape-like tiny sacs that help in producing and also storing milk. A Gynaecologist in Ludhiana calls a cluster of alveoli lobules, and each lobule consists of a lobe.

● Milk ducts

Each lobe connects with the milk ducts. In fact, you can have up to 20 lobes. One milk duct for every lobe. Milk ducts help in carrying the lobules of the alveoli to the nipple.

● Areola

it is a dark area that surrounds your nipple. It has sensitive nerve endings that let your body know when you should release milk. In order to release milk, the entire areola needs stimulation.

● Nipple

Did you know your nipple contains several tiny pores? Yes! They do up to 20. They help in secreting milk. The nerves surrounding your nipple respond to suckling either by your hands, baby, or a breast pump. With the help of the stimulation, you get a signal in your brain to release milk from the alveoli through the milk ducts and out of your nipple.

To give you a better understanding, think about the lactation system as a large tree. Your nipple is the trunk of the tree. The male dogs are the branches, and the leaves are the alveoli.

If you are having trouble lactating or lactating enough, then you can take the prescribed shatavari powder for breast milk. It helps stimulate better breast milk in an adequate amount.

Why do people lactate?

The main reason for people to lactate is to feed the baby. Lactation is a biological and hormonal occurrence during and after pregnancy to feed The baby. At that point in time, your body triggers specific hormones that initiate milk production and releasing of milk. Almost all mammals lactate for this purpose

When Do you lactate during pregnancy?

Automatically your body will prepare you for lactation by increasing the number of milk ducts in your breast. With the help of those milk ducts, you will be able to transport milk from the alveoli to the nipple. Almost midway through your pregnancy, your body will start making Colostrum which is the baby’s first milk.

Final Comments

Contact Gynae And Uro Clinic to get further information on this topic. You can also visit our website to gain more knowledge.

Male Infertility Urologist Urology

Know in and out about the condition of male infertility along with treatment

Infertility and its increasing cases

Who would have thought that becoming a father could be extremely challenging? No doubt, infertility is one of those concerns that engulf both women and men into its effect. Even in the 21st century, many men don’t have a proper understanding of the concept of male infertility or what to do. For most men, the problem can come to light indirectly, like when they consult a urologist in Ludhiana. Their medical supervision helps to see the problem and what should be done next.

One thing is also true that most cases of male infertility are evident in the cities because of the improper or sedentary lifestyle and living a stressful life. With that said, it’s essential to pay prompt attention to getting personalized Male Infertility treatment in Ludhiana under the expertise of an infertility doctor.

Male infertility can go undiagnosed at the time

Male infertility might go undiagnosed and left untreated. And that’s the reason it’s essential to seek medical care on time and ensure everything is balanced. Currently, the indicated rate of male infertility is 33%, which tells how essential it is to have the best possible care on time. Moreover,  adult males having chances of infertility are higher because of  habits like drinking alcohol and smoking cigarettes.

Understand the possible signs and symptoms of male infertility

Apart from the couple’s inability to conceive, several male infertility symptoms point toward medical care. The doctor will ask you to get through a medical examination to check the following:

  • Puberty timing
  • Infertility duration
  • Urological disorder
  • Surgical method (Undergone in the past)
  • Chronic or medical health concerns
  • Testicular cancer
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Sexual history

Possible causes of male infertility

Stats have shown that in around 15% to 20% of cases of male infertility, the leading cause is Azoospermia, i.e., the complete absence of healthy sperm in the semen. Sometimes enough sperm are not produced or the ones made have extremely poor quality. In both cases, there will be difficulty getting pregnant. The sperm and egg won’t be able to meet, which leads to fertilization. Some of the most common causes of male infertility are:

  • Chronic infections like TB, prostatitis, and others
  • Mumps or smallpox
  • Varicocele problem
  • Vein enlargement around the testicle and varicocele
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Congenital obstruction
  • Vasectomy

So, if there’s any problem with sperm development, there’s a possibility of a problem. Moreover, a male who is overweight can also have trouble getting pregnant.

Male infertility treatment

If there’s a case of male infertility, then the doctor should get the IVF-ICSI procedure. If the problem is mild, necessary treatment helps to boost the possible sperm count. The fertility doctor checks your entire well-being and suggests the most appropriate way to address the concern.

Have any doubts?

If there’s any doubt on your mind make sure to discuss the same with the doctor.